Liquid Crystal Optical Phase Modulators for Beam Steering

Jay Stockley, Xiaowei Xia, Teresa Ewing, and Steve Serati

Published in MRS Online Proceedings Library volume 709, Article number: 421 (2001) https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-709-CC4.2.1

Abstract

Beamsteering using liquid crystals can be achieved with refractive or diffractive implementations. The common thread in these various structures is that the liquid crystal is employed as an optical phase modulator. Either nematic or smectic liquid crystal phases can be used to shift the phase of light and steer an optical beam. Various liquid crystal optical phase modulating schemes will be described. Examples include polarization independent and quasiachromatic modulators. Model predictions and experimental results demonstrating the optical phase modulation and beamsteering made possible using different liquid crystal based designs will be presented.

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