Holographic Power-law Traps for the Efficient Production of Bose-Einstein Condensates
Phys. Rev. A 84, 053410 (2011) https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.84.053410
We use a phase-only spatial light modulator to generate light distributions in which the intensity decays as a power law from a central maximum, with order ranging from 2 (parabolic) to 0.5. We suggest that a sequence of these can be used as a time-dependent optical dipole trap for all optical production of Bose-Einstein condensates in two stages: efficient evaporative cooling in a trap with adjustable strength and depth, followed by an adiabatic transformation of the trap order to cross the BEC transition in a reversible way. Realistic experimental parameters are used to verify the capability of this approach in producing larger Bose-Einstein condensates than by evaporative cooling alone.